Copenhagen History

The Danish metropolis Copenhagen is located on the island Zealand. 540,000 people live in the economic and cultural center of Denmark which was mentioned for the first time in 1043. In the 12th century a colony named Kopmannshafn arose at the foot of a castle. Copenhagen finally received its town charters in 1254. Today the city is one of the most visited places in the north of Europe. The little mermaid, which only measures 1.25 meters, is the symbol of Copenhagen and has been looking over the sea for more than hundred years now. From the tower of the Vor-Frelsers-Church tourists can enjoy an interesting view. The town also offers a great cultural program. Do not miss high class performances in the Royal Theatre and in the new designed Opera House.

About Copenhagen
From the main station in Copenhagen you can easily walk to the famous Tivoli, one of the eldest amusement parks in Europe. An interesting contrast is the SAS Royal Hotel which was the first skyscraper in Copenhagen. High above the roofs of the town rises the 105.6-meter-high tower of the town hall, the highest tower in Denmark. Copenhagen is also a perfect place for sightseeing, very interesting are the museums, like the National Museum, the Design Museum or the Zoological Museum. Gourmets will love the restaurants at the Nyhavn. Explore Copenhagen by bike on one of the numerous bike-paths. In summer you can rent a city-bike for free.

Copenhagen Sights

The most famous place in Copenhagen is Tivoli, a huge amusement park that provides fun and recreation. The park was opened on 15th August 1843, what makes it the eldest leisure park in the world. Rollercoasters and other rides offer a great adventure for bigger and smaller visitors. Everyone who prefers less adrenalin can visit the numerous restaurants, cabarets and theatres. The Tivoli is open from April until September. There are special events on Halloween and Christmas.

Nyhavn is a port on Copenhagen, famous for its colourful gabled houses from the 18th and 19th century. The canal that runs along the port has been constructed in the 17th century. Numerous pubs opened their doors, most of them are fancy restaurants now. A shopping promenade, cafés and bars attract many tourists, especially during summer. Nyhavn is also departure point for boat trips around the harbour of Copenhagen.

The Little Mermaid
It is the first picture that comes to your mind when you think of Copenhagen: The little mermaid. The 1.25-meter-high bronze figure is located at the promenade, sitting on a block. It was designed by the Danish sculptor Edvard Eriksen and got its name from the famous fairytale written by the Danish writer and poet Hans Christian Andersen.

A small town within the city of Copenhagen is the free city Christiana, briefly called Christiana. The original military area was taken over in 1971 by the journalist Jacob Ludvigsen who had the aim to live self-governed. Numerous efforts of the government to destroy the autonomic community failed. Today, Christiana is home of many unemployed people, retirees, homeless, artists, students and immigrants. As the colony is unique, you should definitely visit it while being in Copenhagen.

Carlsberg Brewery
The most famous sort of beer in our northern neighboring-state is Carlsberg. The brewery was established in 1847 by the Danish industrialist Jacob Christian Jacobsen. Today the Carlsberg A/S is the fourth biggest brewery enterprise in the world. Beside Carlsberg, many other well-known beer brands are produced here, for example Tuborg, Astra, Lübzer, Duckstein and Holsten Pilsener. Take a tour of the company ground and try a Carlsberg beer.

Castle Amalienborg
Until today, Copenhagen is a constitutional monarchy represented by Queen Margarethe II. The castle Amalienborg is Copenhagen’s city residence, but also the Queen’s domicile when she stays in the Danish capital. Her presence is announced by a flag and regular changings of the guards. The castle consists of four buildings in total which are arranged around the central place. Beside its function as a town domicile, castle Amalienborg is used as a residence for heirs to the throne, as a venue for state receptions and as a museum.

The zoo in Copenhagen, opened in 1859, is one of the eldest zoological gardens in Europe. Approximately 240 species and more than 3.500 animals from all over the world call it their home. You mainly find Nordic species, like wolves and bears, but also giraffes, elephants or anteaters. Highlight of the zoo is the Tasmanian devil which is the only one of its kind in Europe.

Stock Exchange
The stock exchange of Copenhagen is located in an ancient building from the 17th century which has been a place for security trading for a long time. It is placed on the island Slotsholmen close to the castle Christiansborg. The 54-meter-high tower is already visible from a distance. The building was constructed in the style of the Dutch Renaissance what makes it worth taking a closer look at it, although it is not possible to visit the inner part.

Castle Christiansborg
Separation of powers – a clear apportionment of executive, legislative and judiciary – that’s the basis for every democratic state. In Copenhagen you find these three state powers under one roof, specifically in the castle Christiansborg. The present-day castle was built in the beginning of the 20th century and is already the third construction at this place. It consists of three wings and a 106-meter- high castle tower. A huge castle course is located in front of the building. The windows on the ground floor are decorated with granite pictures of famous people.

Botanical Garden
In the midst of the city you find a green oasis, the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen. Especially during spring and summer you should visit this place as numerous flowers and plants spread wonderful fragrances. The Botanical Garden is a huge park with different greenhouses where palm trees, orchids, cactus plants and carnivorous plants grow and prosper.

Danish National Museum
In the Danish National Museum the focus lies on the cultural history of Denmark. Key topics are the Pre- and Early history, Medieval times, the Renaissance and modern age. The main exhibition is located in the Prince-Palace in Copenhagen. Beside the permanent exhibition which is about development and history of Denmark, you can also find many special exhibitions.

Round Tower
The Round Tower in the town center of Copenhagen was built in the 17th century at the request of King Christian IV. It is used as an astronomic observatory for the University of Copenhagen. The roof is open to the public and is a great place to enjoy a stunning view of the city.

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