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Salzburg

About Salzburg and Salzburg region (Salzburger Land)

The Mozart City Salzburg and the surrounding region Salzburger Land build a beautiful scenery for unforgettable holidays in Austria. The city center of Salzburg is just a stone’s throw away from the picturesque lakes of the “Salzkammergut” and the great hiking- and skiing-areas of the region. Salzburg and the Salzburg region offer a variety which cannot be found anywhere else. No matter if you are looking for nature, for action, for culinary specialties or for art – you will find the right place in the Salzburger Land. It is not without reason that the region attracts visitors from all over the world throughout the year.

Everyone who is visiting Salzburg and the Salzburg region should not miss to stroll through the city. Highlight of Salzburg’s old town is the cathedral, the first Baroque church on the northern part of the Alps. Every year, the cathedral is location for the “Jedermann-Aufführung” which is part of the Salzburg Festival. The old town of Salzburg looks like a complete Baroque art work. Another eye-catcher is the church Kollegienkirche with its arched front, built by Fischer von Erlach. In Salzburg and the Salzburg region all roads lead to the “Getreidegasse”, the street where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born. With the Mönchsberglift visitors can reach the top of the Mönchsberg mountain where the museum of Modernism offers an extraordinary tour.

Vacation Homes and Holiday Rentals in Salzburg

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Salzburg Sights

Fortress Hohensalzburg
The symbol of the town is the Fortress Hohensalzburg which is one of the biggest castles in Europe. Furthermore, the 7000-square-meter fortress is the largest fully preserved fortress in central Europe. Every year, more than 996.000 visitors are climbing up the fortress mountain above the city to discover the castle area with its museum, the royal rooms, the torture chambers, the wall-walk and many other facilities. The history of the Fortress Hohensalzburg already started in the year 1077 when a residential tower with church and ring-wall was built. The newest part of the castle was constructed in 1681. Since then, restoration work is taking place regularly, so that visitors can enjoy museums, art collections, markets and concerts.

Salzburg Cathedral
In the town center of Salzburg, between the Salzach river and the Residence Square, the 80-meter-high Salzburg Cathedral is towering above the roofs. The Baroque protected monument is part of the historical center of Salzburg and an UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Romanic-Catholic cathedral has been built from 1616 until 1628 as a replacement for the first Romanic cathedral and is dedicated to the saints Rupert and Virgil. From the inside and from the outside the cathedral is full of decoration. An ensemble of frescos, paintings and figural decoration give a filigree character to the massive building and attract the visitors.

Hellbrunn Castle
Famous for its water displays, the Hellbrunn Castle is a popular sight in Salzburg. Located in the district Morzg, visitors can find the castle built from 1613 until 1615. The protected site has been built in Mannerism style, a transitional form of Renaissance and Baroque that follows Italian examples. In the castle garden, visitors find some of the world’s best preserved water displays from the late-Renaissance, like the Theatrum, the Orpheus-Grotto, the Neptune-Fountain and many others. Moving figures, richly decorated grottos and a variety of water displays make Hellbrunn Castle an exciting destination for a day trip.

Mirabell Castle
Due to its extraordinary beautiful garden the Mirabell Castle is one of the most popular sights in Salzburg. Built in 1606, the castle was firstly called Altenau Castle and was constructed for mistress of the archbishop Wolf Dietrich of Raitenau. After converting the castle to a Baroque castle site in the beginning of the 18th century, the castle had been rebuilt once again in neo-classical style after it was destroyed by fire. The Mirabell-garden was constructed end of the 17th century and has been extended regularly. Part of the garden area are the big and the small garden terraces, the rosery and the “Zwergelgarden”. The castle as well as the garden are an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Salzburg Zoo
An attraction in Salzburg which is especially an adventure for children, is the Salzburg Zoo, also called Animal Park Salzburg or Hellbrun Zoo. In the southern part of the city you find the 14-hectare-large nature-orientated site that houses more than 140 species from all over the world. The zoo has already existed in the 15th century as an archiepiscopal wildlife park. In the 17th century an animal park was constructed, together with the castle Hellbrunn. The park was converted into a geological zoo in the 1990s and is located in the historic castle garden. Every year, approximately 300.000 people visit the 1.200 local animals and exotic species in the different theme areas Africa, Australia, America and Eurasia.

Residence Square
In the heart of the old town the pompous Residence Square centers cultural-historically buildings and prince-archbishopric residences. The popular square offers an unrestricted view of some of the most famous sights in Salzburg. The square is bordered by the Salzburg Cathedral, the Old Residence, the New Residence with its chimes and some medieval townhouses. Center of the square forms the Residence-Fountain, the biggest Baroque fountain in central Europe. The Residence Square was constructed in the late 16th century and is a famous meeting point and location for several big events.

Mönchsberg (Monk Mountain)
Between the Festungsberg (Fort-Mountain) and the town district Mülln, the Mönchsberg, Salzburg’s popular city-mountain, stretches out. The mountain has its name from the monks of the Benedictine monastery St. Peter. Due to its location directly on the bank of the river Salzach and due to the variety of woods and meadows, the Mönchsberg is a popular recreational area. During a hiking tour you can discover several old castles like the Mönchstein castle. You also find some well-preserved forts. Historic observation platforms offer a great view of the city. The most famous one is the platform Karolinenhöhe on the highest point of the mountain.

House of the Nature
The protected monument House of the Nature has the function as museum for nature studies and technology that offers exciting exhibitions concerning the topics flora and fauna, natural forces and human being. In 1924, the zoologist Prof. Eduard Paul Tratz established the House of the Nature which has become world-famous due to its dioramas. Today, the biggest museum in Salzburg exists of more than 80 showrooms on 7000 square meters. Beside changing exhibitions you can find an aquarium, a reptile zoo and a science center. Very popular amongst visitors is the dinosaur-hall, but also the space hall, the public observatory and the Ice Age exhibition attract many people.

Salzburg Museum
Fans of Salzburg and those interested in culture should not miss to visit the Salzburg Museum. The museum located at the Mozart square shows the artistic- and cultural history of the town of Salzburg and the Salzburg region. It has been established by Vinzenz Maria Süß in 1834 as an urban arsenal and first carried the name Salzburg Museum Carolino Augusteum (SMCA). After several removals the museum could celebrate its first exhibition in the New Residence in 2006. The museum has already received many awards for its unique combination of valuable art work and multimedia-based installations. Furthermore, the Salzburg Museum is the head of many other museums, like the Panorama Museum, the Toy Museum or the Celt Museum.

Hangar 7
A giant made of glass and steel is the Hangar 7, an airplane museum, restaurant and event location. You find this extraordinary building at the airport in Salzburg. Its arched shape reminds you of a wing which was planned by the Austrian architect Volkmar Burgstaller. The construction work had started in 2001, it finally opened its doors in 2003 with a festive celebration. Every year, 200.000 visitors want to see the building. Amongst others, you can find a collection of historic planes, helicopter and Formular One racing cars. There are regular events and changing exhibitions taking place. A restaurant, two bars and one café provide culinary enjoyment.

Obertauern

The winter sports destination Obertauern is located in the center of the mountain range “Radstädter Tauern”. It is part of the villages Tweng and Untertauern and not an autonomous community. During the winter months, up to 950.000 people stay in Obertauern. The village area ranges to an altitude of 2.526 meters and has the same sea level as the Radstädter Tauern pass. The history of the village goes back to pre-Christian times when an old Roman street led over the Tauern pass. A small church, firstly mentioned in 1224, has been the first building in the village. The first skiers came to the Radstädter Tauern in the 1920s. At that time, luggage was carried with sleighs. In the middle of the 2oth century, the first modern ropeways and ski-lifts were built.

Skiing is very popular in Obertauern. On approximately 100 kilometers of slopes everyone get one’s money worth. If you are looking for a real challenge, the slope in Gamsleiten is the right place for you as it is said to be the second steepest slope in the whole of Austria. There are lifts everywhere in Oberatauern and you have access to the skiing area at many different places. On the Tauern-Round you can make a tour around Obertauern clockwise. Cross-country ski runs and coasting slopes also offer great adventure in Obertauern.

Places of interest in Obertauern
There are several castles in Obertauern that can be visited. Two of them are the Klammstein Castle in the town of Dorfgastein and the Mauterndorf Castle which has firstly been mentioned in history books in 1253. Worth a visit is also the impressive Moosham Castle, as many art treasures can be found there. Torture instruments give you an idea of medieval witch trials. Lovers of fast cars should not miss to visit the Porsche automobile museum in Gmünd where 48 cars are exhibited for visitors. In the Thermal bath Amadé in Altenmarkt tourists can go swimming in the 32-degree-warm brine or let off steam in the wave-pool. When you are travelling with children, the Wildpark Untertauern is a great place for the whole family. At the petting-zoo rabbits and guinea-pigs can be touched. To explore the park you can take a ride with the small train.

Saalbach-Hinterglemm

The community Saalbach-Hinterglemm is located in the Pinzgau region in the Austrian county of Salzburg. Approximately 3.000 people live in the town in the Saalachtal, surrounded by the beautiful peaks of the Kitzbühel Alps. The highest mountain is the 2.044-meter-high Spielberghorn, in the northern part of the town. The town’s local mountain is the Schattberg which is 2.097 meters high. First signs of colonization occurred in the beginning of the 13th century. “Salpach” was first officially mentioned in 1350. In 1489 the Archbishop Johannes Beckenschlager turned the community into a market village. The description Saalbach-Hinterglemm was established in 1987. When the town became venue of the alpine Skiing World Championships in 1991, the whole infrastructure had been upgraded.

Places of interest in Saalbach-Hinterglemm
In Saalbach-Hinterglemm tourism plays a very important role, especially active-holiday. During summer visitors can enjoy the Käpt`n Hook (Captain Hook) adventure open air pool or Montelinos experience-walk. Endurance and skills are required in the high-wire park. Knowledge about art-handcraft can be obtained at “Schnitza’s wood park”. In winter, Sallbach-Hinterglemm is a real winter wonderland. 200 kilometers of slopes can be used for skiing and snowboarding. In addition to that there are 10 kilometers of cross-country ski runs. Ice-skating rings and toboggan runs complete the offer. The skiing-circus Saalbach-Hinterglemm/Leogang is easily accessible via more than 50 lifts and ropeways. There are numerous events in the town throughout the year, like a Harley-Davidson-Meeting or a big Rave event.