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North Frisia (Nordfriesland)

North Frisia - Amrum© Peter Lange / Travanto

The island of Amrum

The most southern and smallest North Frisian island offers visitors relaxing holidays far away from stress and bustle. Amrum is accessible by ferry from Wyk to Föhr or from Dagebüll on the mainland. The island had been populated for the first time in the 13th century by the Vikings and is surrounded by a dune belt. In the main town Nebel pretty Frisian cottages shaping the townscape. An old Holland windmill houses the local museum of the island. Everyone who is looking for bathing holiday will like the one-kilometer-broad sandbank or the seawater-indoor swimming pool and the Thalasso Center in Wittdün.

Places of interest on Amrum
The most important places on Amrum can be found in the nature. Very popular among visitors and locals is the sandbank “Kniepsand”. At first sight it looks like a normal sandy beach, however, it is a 15-kilometer-long and 1.5-meter-broad sandbank which has already been mentioned in the 16th century. In the course of time it has been washed up closer to the coast what makes it a perfect place for bathing today. Lovers of birds should visit the bird sanctuary Amrum Odde. This dune landscape with dunes up to a height of 40 meters is used by numerous birds for breeding and nestling. If you are interested in the history and nature of Amrum, you should visit the museum of local history, located in an old mill from 1770 which once had the function to coordinate ships. Another historic place is the artificial bird’s bunk: Here you can see how ducks had been caught in the 16th until the 20th century. In the eastern part of Amrum you can learn more about the Bronze Age as there is a huge field with old grave mounds. Further places of interest on Amrum are the lighthouse, the cross light, built in 1906, the church St. Clemens and the Öömrang Hüs, which is about life of the North Frisians.

North Frisia - Büsum© Klaus Hempel / Travanto

The city of Büsum

The North Sea spa resort Büsum has a 150-year-old history of bathing tradition. The town area has first been located on an island, then a dam formed a connection to the mainland in the 16th century. Today Büsum is home of the second largest North Sea harbour in the province Schleswig-Holstein. Maritime charm can be experienced at the fishing harbour with nostalgic museum-ships. Büsum is famous for the typical “Büsum Crabs” and for endless Wadden Sea that invites for extensive walks. The artificially created sandy beach is a great place for bathing on sunny days. On rainy days visitors can go to the wave pool “Piratenmeer” (Pirate´s Sea).

Places of interest on Büsum
There are a lot of sights in Büsum and the surrounding area. One of them is the bank open sky museum where you learn everything about banks as a protection from water in medieval times until today. In the Museum at the Sea the importance of crab-fishing in Büsum becomes obvious. One should not miss to visit the storm flood world “Blanker Hans” where the storm flood from 1962 can be experienced by technical effects. An eye-catcher is the 22-meter-high lighthouse built in 1912 in the center of Büsum. At Büsum Sea World small and big visitors can discover the underwater world of fresh- and saltwater fish. The focus is on local fishes, but there are also some exotic animals. Only a few kilometers away you find the Dithmarscher National Museum where visitors learn everything about the history of the region. At the seal sanctuary Friedrichskoog it is possible to observe real seals in their pools.

North Frisia - Föhr© Christoph Riemann / Travanto

The island of Föhr

The second largest island in the North Sea is located 11 kilometers from the mainland and offers unforgettable impressions between wet land and moorland. On the island of Föhr the first bathing tourists already cavorted in 1819. Symbol of the green island is the 15-kilometer long sandy beach. The town of Wyk was the first seaside resort in the province Schleswig Holstein. Pure seaside vacation can be experienced during boat trips to the halligs Hooge or Langeneß. In Nieblum you find a Frisian Cathedral and right next to it a cemetery whose graves tell long past seamen-stories. The town of Dunsum is departure point for exciting tideland walks to the neighbor-island Amrum.

Places of interest on Föhr
There are many cultural highlights on the island of Föhr. In the Museum Art of the Westcoast the two topics sea and art are combined in different exhibitions. In the Frisian Museum you can learn everything about natural and cultural development on the North Sea island – A huge jawbone of a whale is the entrance gate to the museum. Five windmills, spread over the island as orientation points for seamen, are still preserved and can be visited. At “Stelly Hüüs” the landlord Rolf Stelly exhibits numerous found items and collector’s pieces that range from antiques to trash. The two churches St. Johannis and St. Laurentii, both from the 13th century, tell a piece of history. Another symbol of the island is Lembecksburg castle. This 10-meter-high circular wall was built by the Vikings and is still visible today as part of an historic wall castle.

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North Frisia - Nordstrand© Silke Zwingmann-Prell / Travanto

The island of Nordstrand

The peninsula Nordstrand is located in the North Frisia district close to the town of Husum. Since 1934, a bank connects the former island with the mainland. On Nordstrand everything is about tourism. The spa center offers modern healthcare treatments. Recreation and relaxation is also possible at the brine-bath and the sauna. The gallery Lat di Tied shows pictures, jewellery and glass work of local artists. Pure nature can be experienced during a horse-carriage ride to the hallig Südfall. In the nearby town of Husum the North Sea Museum tells visitors interesting details about life at the sea.

Places of interest on Nordstrand
A very popular sight on and around Nordstrand are the seal banks in the tideland. Regular boat excursions bring visitors close to the animals that can be observed with binoculars. Lovers of nature should also visit the Beltringharder diked land – it is considered to be the largest nature reserve in Schleswig Holstein. Typical for the region are the salt meadows. These are the areas in front of the banks that offer a special living environment for animals and plants as they are flooded regularly. Beside natural highlights, there are also important buildings on Nordstrand, like the churches St. Knud, St. Theresia and St. Vinzenz as well as the worth-seeing harbours Süderhafen and Strucklahnungshörn.

The island of Pellworm

The third-largest North Frisian island is accessible by ferry from the peninsula Nordstrand. Pellworm covers the western part of the former island Strand that has been flooded by a heavy storm in the 17th century. This separated the island into the island Pellworm in the western part and the peninsula Nordstrand in the eastern part. The nearby halligs Südfall and Süderoog are also part of Pellworm. On the seven-kilometer-long island you still find untouched nature and silence.

Places of interest on Pellworm
Already visible from a far distance is the lighthouse, built in the year 1906, that is used for marriages today. The former church “Old Church” is only a ruin nowadays. Its brick tower collapsed in the year 1611. Much better preserved is the “New Church” in the center of the island. In the island museum you can learn everything about Pellworm’s history. Interesting information can also be found at the “Steamboat Shelter” in the exhibition “Seefahrt tut not” (“seafaring is necessary”) and at the Rungholt Museum Bahnsen where the history of the sunken island Strand is told. In the northwestern part of Pellworm you find a nature reserve and a historic bird’s bunk.

North Frisia - St Peter Ording© ImagePro24.de

The city of St. Peter-Ording

St. Peter-Ording has the reputation of being a sea- and sulfide resort. The town with its 4,500 inhabitants counts the highest number of guest-nights among all German seaside resorts. The town had been mentioned for the first time in the year 1373 as “Ulstrup”. End of the 19th century the first hotels were built and in 1958 St. Peter-Ording received the recognition as a health- and sulfide resort. The long sandy beach is a perfect place for sun-bathing, swimming, walking or kite-surfing. On bad-weather days a visit to the dune-thermal springs is worthwhile.

Places of interest on St. Peter-Ording
On the 12-kilometer-long sandy beach the pile-dwellings will catch your attention immediately. They were constructed for the first time in the year 1911 and have long been a symbol of the island. St. Peter-Ording offers its guest a variety of attractions, for example the Amber Museum where the “gold of the north” is presented in all its diversity. In the Museum of the Landscape Eiderstedt everything is about colonisation of the North Sea coast and life on the peninsula Eiderstedt. A great destination for a day trip with the whole family is the West Coast Park where you find seals, seabirds and reptiles. Especially children will love the petting enclosure. Tours and roundtrips can be made with the Hitzlöper, the beach rail of St. Peter-Ording. Approximately 20 kilometers from St. Peter-Ording you find the biggest coastal protection construction in Germany: The Eider flood barrage that was built from 1967 until 1973 to ease the impact of heavy storm floods.

North Frisia - Sylt© Jasmin Bauomy

The island of Sylt

Sylt is the biggest and most northern North Frisian island. Alone the passage to the island is an adventure itself. The motorail train departs in Niebüll and crosses the 11-kilometer-long Hindenburg-Bank. Center of the island is the posh seaside resort Westerland with numerous spa facilities, a casino and a pretty promenade. In Kampen you find the “Red Cliff” where you can enjoy stunning sunsets. You can cross the island of Sylt on the island road. Passing the Listland, you reach the town of List whose harbour is departure point for car ferries to the Danish island Romo. The eastern part of Sylt is very natural. Here you can also find the former island capital Keitum.

Places of interest on Sylt
Beside pretty coastal resorts and a huge sandy beach there is much more to explore on Sylt. This includes, among others, the beautiful landscape of the Braderuper Heathland and the Hörnum Odde, as well as the Morsum Cliff, the Red Cliff and the hiking dune in Listland, the only hiking dune in Germany. Due to that the area between Westerland and List is listed as a nature reserve. Everyone interested in museums should visit the Old Frisian House, the Fire Museum or the Museum of Local History. Other historic places are the Tinnumburg castle, a circular wall from the 1st century, as well as the grave mound Denghoog from Stone Age times. A visit to the “cemetery of the homeless” in Westerland is also very interesting: It was established in the year 1855 to bury unknown victims that were washed up in the sea. A great attraction for the whole family is the Sylt Aquarium.

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